Statistics Canada (StatsCan) reported today (4-20-22) that Canadian consumer prices increased 6.7% year-over-year in March 2022, one percentage point higher than the gain in February (+5.7%). This was the largest increase since January 1991 (+6.9%).
The report notes that in March inflationary pressure remained extensive, as prices increased across all eight major components. Prices increased against the backdrop of sustained price pressure in Canadian housing markets, substantial supply constraints and geopolitical conflict, which has impacted energy, commodity, and agriculture markets.
In March, employment continued to strengthen, as the unemployment rate fell to a new record low. Average hourly wages for employees rose 3.4% on a year-over-year basis.
Excluding gasoline, the Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose 5.5% year-over-year in March—the fastest pace since the introduction of the all-items excluding gasoline special aggregate in 1999—following a 4.7% gain in February.
On a monthly basis, the CPI rose 1.4% in March, following a 1.0% gain in February. This was the largest increase since January 1991, when the goods and services tax was introduced. On a seasonally adjusted monthly basis, the CPI rose 0.9% in March, matching the largest increase on record.
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